Advice Group Third Meeting


Title of the Study: Advice Group Third Meeting

Tyoe of the Study: Meeting Report (Working Childern Department Capacity Building Project / Within ILO-IPEC Context)

Author of the Study: Ministry of Labour and Social Security Department of Working Children

Presentation,

Year/Place of Publication: April 1998, Ankara

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages: 55

Purpose: To cite the works of third meeting of the advice group.

 

Content: People attend to this meeting from organisations, associations, foundations, labour unions, NGO’s, universities and government agencies. ILO-IPEC National Coordinator Şule Çağlar’s presentation outlined the ILO-IPEC strategies and sustainability of the programs. The head of Working Children Department Filiz Anık, discussed the reasons of child labour, micro-macro policies, implementation methodologies and related associations and institutions. And then the three partite workshops are presented.

Method: Oral and written presentations are quoted.

Excerpt: Child labour is a global concept. It is as old as the human history. B.C. 2100 in the Hammurabi Laws, the craftsmen should had to teach their occupations to the apprentices properly. It is also understood from the researches that Greeks, Romans, Egyptians were passing their arts and vocations from generation to generation under the laws legislated for this specific purpose. (p.33)

Some Keywords: child workers, public institutions, trade unions, NGOs

 

Advice Group First Meeting


Title of the Study: Advice Group First Meeting

Type of the Study: Meeting Report (Working Childern Department Capacity Building Project / Within ILO-IPEC Context)

Authors of the Study: Ministry of Labour and Social Security Department of Working Children

Presentation,

Year/Place of Publication: November 1996, Ankara

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages: 100

Purpose: The aim of advice group is to gather organisations, associations, foundations, labour unions, NGO’s and government agencies fighting against child labour to share knowledge and experinece and to create a platform to find solutions to the problem. This report aims to share the knowledge, experince and solution propasals to the problem mentioned.

Content: People attend to this meeting from organisations, associations, foundations, labour unions, NGO’s, universities and government agencies. After the openening speach members of the comittee and the projects are presented. In the workshops children working in informal sector, children working in rural areas, the ways to benefit from mass communication services, children working in service sectors, apprentice children, legal and administrative framework for child labour are discussed. Labour General Directorate- Working Children Department (the projects are outlined), Gürhan Fişek- Fişek Health Services and Research Institute (Fişek Model is presented), TESK Vocational Training Center(Workplace inspection is emphasised), TİSK( presented its ongoing projects), Ministry of Education Apprentice and General Education Directorate (ILO-IPEC projects are presented), Center for Children on The Streets of Ankara (gave knowledge about the center) presented these subjects.

Method: Oral and written presentations are quoted.

Excerpt: The importance of this project is that Turkey is one of the two countries that is implementing the ILO project with three partite approach. I guess one is India and the other one is Turkey. The othee countries are implementing the projects only with the governance of labour unions and governments. Though Turkey is using the three partite approach with the inclusion of employers. Therefore, Turkey is under close follow up by the ILO center. (p.13)

Some Keywords: apprentices, informal sector, public institutions, children working in rural areas, trade unions, NGOs

Tezgider, G.(1979); “The State Of Children In The Professional Life”, Çalışma Dergisi, Magazine January-April, p. 57-66


Tezgider, G.(1979); “The State Of Children In The Professional Life”, Çalışma Dergisi, Magazine January-April, p. 57-66.

Number of Works Cited:

Scope:

In the article the differences in income distribution and the places where children work are discussed. The constitutional side of child labour is explained and the ruthless exploitation of children in labour markets and the destruction of physical, menthal and ethical development of children is emphasised. Also the working children are far away from school, social security and social protection. And it is also discussed if the student status given to apprentices helps the exploitation or not. Also the trade union membership and activities of apprentices are restricted.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Everday the need for determining the minimum age for working, the cutting of work hours and strengthening the law sanctions is discussed. But even these insufficient laws are not applied in practice. We can say that the laws which are violated the most are the ones concerning the protection against child labour. The children are forced to work for more than 8 hours and their health examinations are never done. Even if the sanctions of laws are ineffect there is not much to do as the employer has to pay 1500 liras if violated the laws. Child health is that cheap. (p.62)

Some Key Words:

minimum age, apprenticeship, child development, reasons of child labour, child health, trade unions, social security, national regulation