Geçer, H.; Çağlayan, Ç.(2004); ‘‘Frequency of Work-Related Accidents in Kocaeli Vocational Training Students’’, Mesleki Sağlık ve Güvenlik Magazine, 20:27-33


Geçer, H.; Çağlayan, Ç.(2004); ‘‘Frequency of Work-Related Accidents in Kocaeli Vocational Training Students’’, Mesleki Sağlık ve Güvenlik Magazine, 20:27-33.

Number of Works Cited: 16

Scope:

The study describes the socio-demographic properties of the students of Kocaeli Vocational Training Center (M.E.M.), explains their working conditions, and researched the frequency of work-related accidents and relation with factors causing such accidents. No samples are chosen for this cross-sectional study, and 703 (90,9%) out of the 773 students studying at Kocaeli Vocational Training Center were included in this study.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Work-related accidents experienced by children in their working lives leave traces that they will carry in their minds and on their bodies during their early ages. It is possible to prevent work-related accidents by improving working conditions and taking necessary measures. As a result of work-related accidents experienced by Kocaeli Vocational Training Center students, 11,6% of them loose less than three workdays, 3,9% of them loose less than eight workdays and more. (p.32)

Some Keywords:

working conditions, child workers, occupational accident, socio-demographic level

 

 

Bakar, C.; Maral, I.; Aygün, R.(2004); ‘‘Socio-Demographic Properties, Reasons for Working and Working Life Related Properties of Children Studying at Ostim and Ahievran Apprentice Training Centers’’, Mesleki Sağlık ve Güvenlik Magazine, 17:21-27


Bakar, C.; Maral, I.; Aygün, R.(2004); ‘‘Socio-Demographic Properties, Reasons for Working and Working Life Related Properties of Children Studying at Ostim and Ahievran Apprentice Training Centers’’, Mesleki Sağlık ve Güvenlik Magazine, 17:21-27.

Number of Works Cited: 20

Scope:

The study aimed to determine the socio-demographic properties, reasons for working and working life related properties of children studying at two Vocational Training Centers (MEM) in Ankara. Materials and Method: The research has been implemented in June 2002 at Ostim and Ahi Evran MEM. 1.434 (55,7%) of 2575 apprentice students were accessed. The study employed the questionnaire under observation and questionnaire forms composed of three different parts, with the first part being descriptive, second part related to family and third part related to properties about the word being conducted. Data gathering stage has been completed by research assistants and intern doctors.

An Excerpt from the Article:

This study has been conducted in June 2002 at Ostim and Ahi Evran Vocational Training Center (MEM). Before the study, interviews were made with school administrators to inform about the topic and written permissions were obtained from the Provincial Directorate of National Education. 1176 apprentices are studying at Ostim MEM under 44 profession groups, and 1399 apprentices are studying at Ahi Evran MEM under 35 profession groups. The study targeted to reach all students studying at both MEMs, and achieved to reach 1434 (55,7%) students. Because the date of study is at the end of term, there has been a low participation in the study due to the problem of non-attendance.

Some Keywords:

apprentices, apprentice training, occupational accident, socio-demographic level

 

Determination of Effectivity of Apprentice Training With Regard to Vocational Training, Social Status and Occupational Risks


Title of the Study: Determination of Effectivity of Apprentice Training With Regard to Vocational Training, Social Status and Occupational Risks

Type of the Study: Preliminary Report

Authors of the Study: Ministry of Education Apprentice Training and General Education Directorate

Presentation,

Year/Place of Publication: May 1997, Ankara

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages: 35

Purpose: To gather and evaluate the data obtained from Ministry of Education Apprentice Training and General Education Directorate and ILO-IPEC joint survey in 35 cities and 47 Apprentice Training Centers.

Content: Preliminary Report

Method: 21789 apprentice student sample is formed by taking into account 47 Apprentice training Centers in 35 cities from 8 different occupations. Information is obtained from 11846 workplace where practical education is given to craftsmen. Also the observations of 633 trainers are added to the survey.

Excerpt: The question to determine the accidents that these apprentices were subject to reveals that %49,5 never had accidents and %30,6 had small scratches or injuries where there was no need of medical examination and %25,9 had accidents where their injuries were cured with ordinary medical examination.(p.16)

Some Keywords: working children, working conditions, apprentice training, occupational accident, crime

Regulations on Working Children


Title of the Study: Regulations on Working Children

Type of the Study: Report

Authors of the Study: Dr. Samira Yener – İstiklal Alpar

Presentation,

Year/Place of Publication: January 1985, Ankara

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages: 28

Purpose: To end child labour in developing countries by activities aiming to stop the exploitation of children and by demolishing the reasons forcing children to work.

Content: The reasons of child labour is given within a specific framework and then the regulations and restrictions concerning working children are listed. In the following chapters regulations concerning apprentices are approached. In the last chapter practices of regulations and the state of vulnerable children with this regard is determined.

Method: An explanatory method based on field survey literature is used.

Excerpt: The laws regarding minimum age to start work are conflicting with each other. Primary Education Law (No:222), states that children between ages 6-14 attending compulsory primary school education can not be employed either in private or public sector with or without any payment. Though Public Health Law (No: 1593) prohibits working in manifacturing under the age of 12, Apprentice Law (No: 2089) brings 12 as minimum age, Labour Law (No: 1475) article 67 permits children that reached 13 years to work in jobs which will not effect their educational, menthal and physical status.(p.23)

Some Keywords: apprentices, occupational accident, children in need of protection, occupational disease, national regulation

 

Varol, N.(1999); “Behaviours Are The Determinants of Adult’s Duties to Children’’ , İşveren Magazine, Volume :37, Issue No. 7, April, Ankara


Varol, N.(1999); “Behaviours Are The Determinants of Adult’s Duties to Children’’ , İşveren Magazine, Volume :37, Issue No. 7, April, Ankara.

Number of Works Cited: 6

Scope:

The article includes the results of the study started on July 1998 to find out the working conditions of children and supplying health services within the TİSK/ILO-IPEC programme. Only with sensitive approaches sound soltions can be produced. Guidance and councelling services should be given with the hands of Child Bureaus in the Workplace Common Health Units.

An Excerpt from the Article:

The health examination, audio tests, respiration function tests and coloured eye examinations done by Fişek Institute Working Children Science And Action Foundation on 175 children it is found that %91,4 of children had deviations from good health states, and the most common health problem diagnosed was the eardrom disorders because of middle ear illnesses, 20 children had respiratory problems, 12 children have difficulties in hearing because of work related factors, 7 children had colour blindness, 4 children had inflamation, 3 children had heart problems, 2 children had lowblood pressure. (p.23)

Some Key Words:

child bureaus, child workers, child health, occupational accident, occupational disease

 

Öke, M.K.(1979); “A Sociaological Survey on the Working Conditions of the Apprentices in Ankara’’, Çalışma Magazine, January- April, p. 37-56


Öke, M.K.(1979); “A Sociaological Survey on the Working Conditions of the Apprentices in Ankara’’, Çalışma Magazine, January- April, p. 37-56.

Number of Works Cited:

Scope:

The article is based on the survey conducted in the Ankara’s Siteler and Sanayi Çarşısı(Industrial Bazaar) area where 40 apprentices in 15 different work places are questioned and interview with Çırak-Der Ankara Branch Representative. There are 41 questions on the poll and the questions were about their ages, former places they worked, their experiences, their social security status, occupational safety and health attitudes, their involvement in the actual production process, their wages, distance between the Ministry of Labour’s occupational inspectors and them, their educational backgrounds, reason to start work, number of their brothers and sisters, amount of hours they can rest a day, and etc. Also legal issues are discussed.

An Excerpt from the Article:

The results of the survey shows that they are literally involved in the production process and whatever the coercion is they are not students and they can’t be either. They are non-qualified young workers and they have no difference from the elder labour force apart from their ages. Therefore, these young workers should find a place in the legal framework so that they can benefit from the protective side of the labour laws. The industrial apprenticeship concept can not be admitted in Turkey as this means the legal exploitation of the young workers using the legal framework. This whole concept should be eliminated from the literature cause whatever the legal procedures are the system can not be corrected. (p.44-45)

Some Key Words:

working conditions, apprenticeship, occupational accident, occupational safety and health, sociology

 

Karataş, K.(1993); “Child Labour Problem: Reasons, Results And Solution Suggestions”, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Hizmetler Yüksekokulu Magazine, Volume: 11, Issue No. 1-2-3, p. 85-102


Karataş, K.(1993); “Child Labour Problem: Reasons, Results And Solution Suggestions”, Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Hizmetler Yüksekokulu Magazine, Volume: 11, Issue No. 1-2-3, p. 85-102.

Number of Works Cited: 12

Scope:

The study which gives the use of child labour both in the world and in our country with its history also included the national and international legislations and regulations. In the preceding parts the reasons of child labour use and the sectors where child labour is intense and the effect of existing conditions on children are evaluated. The last part where suggestions to solve the problem are listed, the importance of creating a conscious society and a sensitive public opinion to render social change is emphasised. It is also stated that the necessity of active participation of the society is made clear.

An Excerpt from the Article:

As children who are in growing up period have low resistance capacity and weak muscles, they easily get tired. Therefore, they are more proun to occupational diseases and accidents. There are not proper statistics on occupational accidents especially in the developing countries. But the statistics in some developed countries reveal that the ratio of children facing these accidents are quite high. (p.96)

Somke Key Words:

working conditions, child labour, child workers, child health, occupational accident, occupational disease, social change

 

Fişek, A.G.(1999); “Working Children and Small And Medium Enterprises’’, İşveren Magazine, Volume: 37, Issue No. 7, April, Ankara


Fişek, A.G.(1999); “Working Children and Small And Medium Enterprises’’, İşveren Magazine, Volume: 37, Issue No. 7, April, Ankara.

Number of Works Cited: 5

Scope:

The importance of small enterprises are discovered in the economy again but also the low level of occupational safety and health conditions should be considered as well. Also it is emphasised that occupational diseases and accidents are the results of mal practice of preventive measures and as the number of employees decreases in a work place the conditions worsen(which is even worse in places where there is child labour). In the international arena the debate of child labour is focused on ‘‘intolerable child labour’’ and within this framework from forced labour to working in hard conditions drows the lines.

An Excerpt from the Article:

182 children-adolescents are withdrawn from labour force because of death related to occupational diseases or lost labour capability(disabled). This consists of %3,1 of the group left their work for these reasons. The ones which lost a couple workdays because of injuries or illnesses make up %2,7. (p.19)

Some Key Words:

working conditions, child labour, occupational accident, occupational safety and health, small and medium enterprises, occupational disease

 

Fişek, A.G.(1979); “Protection of Chldren and Youth In Terms Of Human Rights’’, Okul Defteri Magazine, July, Issue No. 3, p. 19-21


Fişek, A.G.(1979); “Protection of Chldren and Youth In Terms Of Human Rights’’, Okul Defteri Magazine, July, Issue No. 3, p. 19-21.

Number of Works Cited:

Scope:

The article is more law based. The reasons why children enter the working life is explained and then the development of social policy tools against child labour is discussed and national and international regulations are quoted. Also findings of a research made in Ankara Iskitler and Industrial Bazaar on apprentices and young workers and SSK’s (Social Insurance Institution) occupational accidents and diseases statistics are given.

An Excerpt from the Article:

The way to keep children and adolescents away from the protective umbrella of Labour Law is found in our country. The majority of this group is employed as apprentices. Some appliers of the law discuss if the new Apprentice and Master Workman Legislation is apart of the labour Law or not. This new law defines these apprentices who are required to take training at most of 8 hours as students. And when other aspects of this law is inspected it gives the impression that it is legislated not to protect the apprentices or the experineced apprentices to protect the employers. (p.20)

Some Key Words:

working conditions, apprentices, apprentice training, occupational accident, occupational disease, national regulation