Child Labour Around The World And in Turkey


Title of the Study: Child Labour Around The World And in Turkey

Type of the Study: Report Book

Author of the Study: TİSK/TÜRK-İŞ

 

Presentation,,

Year/Place of Publication: June 2007, Ankara.

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages: 48

Purpose: To explain child labour and present the works of TİSK and TÜRK-İŞ on child labour.

 

Content: The state of child labour in the world is explained in the first part. The state of child labour is presented in the second part. Projects of TÜRK-İŞ and TİSK about combatting child labour are discussed in the third chapter. Activites about social support centers for child workers are given in the fourth part.

Method: Presentations and reports are gathered.

Excerpt: The three sectors considered as one of the components of worst forms of child labour(woodworking, street children, migrant seasonal agricultural workers) are included in this project. (p.36)

Some keywords: working children, TİSK, TÜRK-İŞ, ILO, social support center

 

Employers Associations Role in Fighting Against Child Labour: Sharing Experinces in The Field of Child Labour, Inter-Regional Conference Report.


Title of the Study: Employers Associations Role in Fighting Against Child Labour: Sharing Experinces in The Field of Child Labour, Inter-Regional Conference Report.

Type of the Study: Conference Report

Author of the Study: Tisk/ILO

 

Presentation,,

Year/Place of Publication: September 2007, Ankara

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages: 60

Purpose: Sharing knowledge between regional countries about child labour.

 

Content: In the first part there is the speaches of the representatives of Ministyr of Labour, ILO and TİSK. Afterwards these titles are discussed: Employers role in fighting against child labour, child labour in agriculture, country report on combat against child labour-Türkiye-Moldova-Azerbaijan, works of IOE, round table discussion on child labour, child labour projects in some selected countries- Albania-Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan-Moldova-Tajikistan-Türkiye-Ukraine-Uzbekistan.

Method: Presentations and reports are gathered.

Excerpt: 14 employers associations that were present in the conference held in İstanbul on sharing the experinces in fighting against child labour, declares that they are against child labour and they see this as a very serious problem which should be eliminated.

Some keywords: working children, TİSK, ILO, regional confernce

 

Karabulut, Ö.(2005); ‘‘Children Working in Economical Jobs’’, Tes-İş Magazine, June 2005, p.65-70


Karabulut, Ö.(2005); ‘‘Children Working in Economical Jobs’’, Tes-İş Magazine, June 2005, p.65-70.

Number of Works Cited: 13

Scope:

The subject of child labor in Turkey has been discussed in figures using the data obtained from DIE’s Child Labour Surveys in 1994 and 1999. Working conditions of working children are discussed also in consideration of national regulations and ILO conventions. The results section gathers the discussed topics and makes some proposals.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Reasons underlying the working of children, their problems and solution are multi-dimensional, and it is not possible to abstract them from the basic problems of Turkey and from policies aimed at solving these problems. More and more children are entering the working life every passing day as a result of the socio-economic policies in force, and the number of children living and working on the streets increases in big cities, Istanbul being the foremost. (p.68)

Some Keywords:

ILO, children working on the streets, children living on the streets, national regulation, international regulation

 

Güneş, T.(2001); ‘‘Working Children’’, Mesleki Sağlık ve Güvenlik Magazine, April, 6:6-8


Güneş, T.(2001); ‘‘Working Children’’, Mesleki Sağlık ve Güvenlik Magazine, April, 6:6-8.

Number of Works Cited: 2

Scope:

Child labour, causes and its status in Turkey are discussed using the data obtained from DIE’s 1994 and 1999 Child Labour Survey.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Children all over the world are generally employed in sectors like leather, brick production, gold mining, textile, carpet weaving, fishery, match production; while they are also used in dangerous jobs like prostitution, porn cassette production, drugs production etc. In its 87th General Conference in 1999, ILO has described child labour containing these conditions as unacceptable and has adopted the “Immediate Action Plan Relating to the Prohibition and Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labour” No 182. It is estimated that the number of children working under these forms is about 60-70 millions. (p.6)

Some Keywords:

child labour, child labour survey, ILO, international regulation

 

Çelik, A.(2005); ‘‘Child Labor from Past to Present’’, Tes-İş Magazine, June, p.51-57


Çelik, A.(2005); ‘‘Child Labor from Past to Present’’, Tes-İş Magazine, June, p.51-57.

Number of Works Cited: 23

Scope:

The introductory section describes the term child labour, revealing the reasons underlying. Following section discusses the struggle against child labour in its historical perspective including Charles Dickens. The profile of child labour has been drawn based on the data of International Labor Organization (ILO). Subsequent sections describe the issue of child labour in Turkey, discussing solutions in consideration of EU norms.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Elimination of child labour also took an important place among the demands of the period’s social opposition movements. The Chartist movement, which was a general vote movement initially and then transformed into a social content later included the prohibition of child employment among its demands in the 1840s. (p.52)

 

Some Keywords:

child labour, reasons of child labour, ILO, historical approach

 

Çelik, A.(2005); ‘‘On the Unending Story of Child Labour’’, Birikim Magazine, Issue No. 192, Istanbul, April


Çelik, A.(2005); ‘‘On the Unending Story of Child Labour’’, Birikim Magazine, Issue No. 192, Istanbul, April.

Number of Works Cited: 25

Scope:

The introductory section describes the term child labour, revealing the reasons underlying. Following section discusses the struggle against child labour in its historical perspective including Charles Dickens. The profile of child labour has been drawn based on the data of International Labor Organization (ILO). Subsequent sections describe the issue of child labour in Turkey, discussing solutions in consideration of EU norms.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Although child employment is encountered in many periods of history and this form of working had many dimensions, it is unarguable that child labour has become widespread together with the capitalist market. The idea of self-running market refused limitations on child labour for an extended period of time. (p.32)

Some Keywords:

child labour, ILO, international regulation

Bakırcı, K.(2004); ‘‘Child and Youth Labour in Turkey’’, Görüş Magazine, March, p.52-56


Bakırcı, K.(2004); ‘‘Child and Youth Labour in Turkey’’, Görüş Magazine, March, p.52-56.

Number of Works Cited:

Scope:

The introduction section discusses the concept of child labour. And subsequent sections discuss the approach of International Labor Organization (ILO) to the subject and a summary is given in consideration of the current regulations in our country.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Child labour is illegal although it is considered illegal as mentioned above. This case is generally surrounded by the wall of silence and indifference. However, this wall started to crackle.

Some Keywords:

child labour, ILO, national regulation, international regulation

 

Alpar, B.M.(2002); ‘‘Regulations on Working Life Related to the ILO Convention No.182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labour’’, Kamu-İş: İş Hukuku ve İktisat Magazine, Volume:7, Issue No.1


Alpar, B.M.(2002); ‘‘Regulations on Working Life Related to the ILO Convention No.182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of Worst Forms of Child Labour’’, Kamu-İş: İş Hukuku ve İktisat Magazine, Volume:7, Issue No.1.

Number of Works Cited: 7

Scope:

After a short introduction conceptually discussing child labour, focus is made to the international law aspects of the topic; ILO conventions, and other international conventions are discussed. Subsequent sections focus on the legal aspects of the topic in our country.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Considering the socio-economic conditions of countries, insufficient resources and lack of infrastructure makes us think that it is hard to eliminate child labour in the short term. Its realization depends on improvement of social and economic conditions in many countries. So, ILO-IPEC set its priority as the Prevention of “Worst Forms of Child Labor”. (p.19)

Some Keywords:

child labour, ILO, socio-economic level, national regulation, international regulation

 

Akter, E.İ.(2003); ‘‘World Child Labor Day:What is Happening in the World?’’, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, Issue No. 69, July-August


Akter, E.İ.(2003); ‘‘World Child Labor Day:What is Happening in the World?’’, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, Issue No. 69, July-August.

Number of Works Cited: 2

Scope:

A compilation has been made about child labor in the world. Situation in countries like Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, Philippines, and India is briefly summarized and press announcements of organizations like ILO, UNICEF, and Global March Save the Children concerned with June 12 are also included.

An excerpt from the article:

Philippines: Prime Minister of Philippines signed an act aiming to intimidate women and children traffickers with harsh punishments within the scope of initiatives to stop human trafficking. (p.19)

Some Keywords:

working children, child trafficking, ILO

Fişek, A.G.(1998); “The Development Of Employer Contribution to The Child Labour Problem”, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, September-October, Issue No. 40, p. 2-6


Fişek, A.G.(1998); “The Development Of Employer Contribution to The Child Labour Problem”, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, September-October, Issue No. 40, p. 2-6.

Number of Works Cited:

Scope:

The child labour problem is discussed in terms of human rights; and the fact that the early entry of children in work life and withdrawing from educational life will leave the society with unskilled labour in the future is mentioned. The solution to child labour problem should be considered in short term and long term approaches; The question of what is the level of tolerance to child labour is answered by the ILO’s approach. Working children and adults are compared according to living and working conditions in the present and absent list; The importance of the legal regulations are emphasised although these should be internalised by both the workers and the employers. The success of Fişek Institute’s ‘‘soft negotiaiton’’ is touched. The fact that the society as a whole is responsible from child labour and the society owes a fidelity debt to these children is emphasised. The responsibilities of the employers to working children and the 2 projects carried out with employers and Fişek Institute (common occupational safety and health unit, working children health scanning) is also qouted. The article is ended with target, method and roadmap suggestions.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Poverty, lack of social security and education, future concerns about getting employed drives children in to work while the employers hire them because of need of cheap labour, traditional facts and desire to form a good team for production. As a consequence the society is responsible for the child labour problem. The contribution to the efforts of keeping a way children from the working life can not only be expected from the employers; also the the other classes of the society should give a hand as well. (p.5)

Some Key Words:

working children, smiling speech, ILO, occupational safety and health, social responsibility, debt of society, poverty