Erkin, C., Rende S.(2005); ‘‘Child Labor: Use As Much As You Want, It is Cheap Here’’, Birikim Magazine, Issue No.192, Istanbul, April


Erkin, C., Rende S.(2005); ‘‘Child Labor: Use As Much As You Want, It is Cheap Here’’, Birikim Magazine, Issue No.192, Istanbul, April.

Number of Works Cited: 33

Scope:

The study first discusses what child labour is and the situation of child labour in the world. Then, the basic causes of child labour are given. In addition, probing has been made into whether or not poverty is the only factor and then examples are given to prove that prohibitions are not sufficient to end child labour. The following section gives information about domestic production and female child labour.

An Excerpt from the Article:

So, why do the employers prefer children where adults are unable to find employment? An explanation to the effect that ‘‘small and skillful’’ fingers are more productive in weaving carpets, and collecting jasmines also set forth for female labour has been put behind upon understanding that the productiveness of children and adults were not different than each other in this field. More reasonable cause is that children are working with lower wages. Responses received when the question is directed to the employers emphasize other reasons of their preference of child labour. (p.41)

Some Keywords:

child labour, girl child labour, poverty

 

Erder, S.(2005); ‘‘Working Children: Apprentice or Worker?’’Tes-İş Magazine, June, p.38-44


Erder, S.(2005); ‘‘Working Children: Apprentice or Worker?’’Tes-İş Magazine, June, p.38-44.

Number of Works Cited: 11

Scope:

The article discusses some trends observed in a field study conducted some 10 years ago about working children. In this study, which is relation-seeking rather than representative, some observations are made about the positions of children working in Istanbul. This field study is based on interviews made in 1993 with children and their employers in Istanbul Umraniye small-sized industrial workplaces; and interviews and observations made with the ‘‘Apprentice Training Center’’ in this region and some workplaces that have launched apprentice training initiatives at their workplaces.

An Excerpt from the Article:

The first point that attracted our attention during the study about working children was that they were not homogenous with regard to their poverty degree, family relationships, origins, working conditions and working motives of children. Likewise, the study conducted by Altıntaş in Ankara also emphasizes that children working on streets are not homogenous groups. Again, studies reveal that the experiences of female children in working life have clear differences compared to those of male children. (p.38)

Some Keywords:

family, working children, working conditions, apprentices, apprentice training, reasons of child labour, girl child labour, poverty

 

 

Fişek, A.G. (1998); “ Ending Child labour : Differences Between Girls and Boys”, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine , January-February, Issue No. 36, p. 2-4


Fişek, A.G. (1998); “ Ending Child labour : Differences Between Girls and Boys”, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine , January-February, Issue No. 36, p. 2-4.

Number of Works Cited: 3

Scope:

The main differnces in the boy and girl child labour is presented within working children’s emotional status acoording to gender, families attitude towrads reasons of child labour, gender distribution of the amount of wages that are transferred to the household by the working children (14-15 ages) framework. Also subjects like if children’s consent was taken when they start working and changing jobs are discussed in the article. The data used in this article are obtained from the surveys conducted during Fişek Institute’s field work that took place in Denizli in 1996. The population of the survey are children attending apprentice education center. All of them are interviewed and their health examinations are done. And then from the interview cards girls and boys that have the same age and same background are selected as samples for the survey.

An Excerpt from the Article:

The conditions that change job into torture and conditions that deter little girls from work should be inspected. One of the leading reason is the strict discipline attitude rather than a psycologic approach that would enrich the working life. Another one is the increase of the job deterring pressure of wedding as age rises traditionally. Another important fact is sexual harrassment apart from the hard and unhealthy working conditions. This torture deepens and it is hidden from the families, because these girls fear that their families might deter themselves from their jobs. So, this makes these girls think that it is imposible for them to continue working for all their lives. (p.4)

Some Key Words:

working children, apprentice training, girl child labour