Oktay, N.(2000); ‘‘Effects of Working Children on the Economy: A Field Survey on Children Working in Small-Sized Enterprises in Adana’’, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, Issue No. 48, January-February


Oktay, N.(2000); ‘‘Effects of Working Children on the Economy: A Field Survey on Children Working in Small-Sized Enterprises in Adana’’, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, Issue No. 48, January-February.

Number of Works Cited:

Scope:

The study has been conducted with the purpose of determining the contributions of children working in Adana on the economy. For this purpose, face to face surveys have been made with working children aged 0 and 16 and their employers working at the car-painting-hood-repair workshops in the city. The survey has been made by the researcher; and 45 questions asked to working children, and 35 questions asked to their employers. 144 subjects have been interviewed with in more than 50 workplaces; 103 of them being workmen, and 41 employers.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Working children use one-day holiday a week, and they do not have annual leaves. It is seen that 88,3% of them have made no agreements with the employer before their employment. These children have no social security as well as their parents and siblings. 70,9% of them have not visited the doctor during the time they worked. There is at least one more person working in an informal sector in the children’s houses. Again, a majority of them have faced one or more acts of violence at the workplace. 65,9% of employers are elementary school graduates. 95% are doing their jobs for more than 5 years. (p.10)

Some Keywords:

working children, economic contribution, informal sector, social security

 

Balcı, Y.G.(2002); ‘‘A Different Dimension in Child Exploitation: Sexual Discrimination in Working Children’’, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, Issue No.61, March-April


Balcı, Y.G.(2002); ‘‘A Different Dimension in Child Exploitation: Sexual Discrimination in Working Children’’, Çalışma Ortamı Magazine, Issue No.61, March-April.

Number of Works Cited: 14

Scope:

Child labor has been discussed from the sexuality point of view using the Child Labour Survey made by State Statistics Institute (DIE) in 1999. Using available official data, participation percentages of male and female children to the working life have been discussed, together with how these percentages changed with the progress of age.

An Excerpt from the Article:

As a result, upon examination of the 1999 Child Labour Survey and in the light of these findings, it is clearly seen that sexuality is a source of exploitation in addition to child labour. Effects of this exploitation take place in the long term. That female children work in selected jobs without the purpose of learning a profession and removing themselves from professional life in order to become a good wife and mother for cultural and socio-economic reasons in accordance with the role determined by the society and contributing the family and her own dowry cause them to remain as unqualified labour. (p.19)

Some Keywords:

family, gender discrimination, working children, child labour survey, child abuse, economic contribution, socio-economic level