Children First: Children Living/Working in the Streets


Title of the Study: Children First: Children Living/Working in the Streets

Type of the Study: Booklet

Author of the Study: UNICEF

 

Presentation,,

Year/Place of Publication: Ankara, 2006

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages:

Purpose: Awareness Report on Children Working in the Streets.

 

Method: Literature scanning method has been used.

Excerpt: It is estimated that a least 42.000 children are living or working on the streets in Turkey; however unofficial figures go up to 80.000. Majority of these children are from families with social limitations that have migrated to cities in search of better living standards offered by few municipalities.

Some keywords: Unicef, children living on the streets, children working on the streets

Living Conditions and Future Expectations of Children Working in the Streets: The Case of Eskişehir Aimed at Problems and Proposals for Solution


Title of the Study: Living Conditions and Future Expectations of Children Working in the Streets: The Case of Eskişehir Aimed at Problems and Proposals for Solution

Type of the Study: Research – Evaluation Report

Author of the Study: Dr. Yener Şişman

Presentation,,

Year/Place of Publication: 2004, Eskişehir

Language of the Study: Turkish

Number of Pages: 99

Purpose: To determine the existing situation of children working in the streets, to determine their problems and propose solutions aimed at these problems.

Method: Literature scanning and field study methods are used. 198 children aged between 9- 14, 185 male and 13 female are studied in Eskişehir.

Excerpt: Number of children working in the streets is increasing every passing day, and sound projects must be implemented in order to remedy this social problem. Children are forced to work on the streets and are subjected to bad conditions in environments they are working.

Some keywords: children working in the streets, children living on the streets

Subaşı, M., Kubilay, G.(2003); ‘‘Properties of Families and Dwellings of Children Living/Working in the Streets’’, Hemşirelikte Araştırma Geliştirme Magazine, 5:2, Ankara, December


Subaşı, M., Kubilay, G.(2003); ‘‘Properties of Families and Dwellings of Children Living/Working in the Streets’’, Hemşirelikte Araştırma Geliştirme Magazine, 5:2, Ankara, December.

Number of Works Cited: 35

Scope:

The study has been made to determine the properties of families and dwellings of children living/working in the streets. This is a descriptive study. Data is gathered using the questionnaire created by the researcher by face to face talks with the families included in the sample group between July-November 2000. The study universe comprises 280 children working in the streets registered with Ulus Children and Youth Center operating under the Social Services and Child Protection Agency and the families of 20 children living in the streets registered Ankara Governorship Children Education and Treatment Center aged between 7 and 14. The sample group is the 30 families of 49 children accessed between July–November. Obtained data is evaluated with regards numbers and percentiles.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Situations like fast population increase in major cities, unplanned urbanization, migration, poverty, increasing inflation, unemployment, accommodation in poor conditions, family violence, disruption of family integrity and loss of social support of family have negative effects on the family and all family individuals. In addition to these factors, situations such as alcohol and substance addiction in the family, father leaving the house, parents’ marriage to other persons, absence of money-bringing person, seeking of adventure, physical exploitation, sexual harassment and rape, low educational level, insufficient educational facilities, and traditional attitudes of the society are affecting mostly the children among all family members. These factors cause the children to get away from the family environment and lead to the street, a setting increasing the potential to commit crimes.

Some Keywords:

family, migration, residence properties, substance addiction, children working on the streets, children living on the streets, poverty

 

 

Karabulut, Ö.(2005); ‘‘Children Working in Economical Jobs’’, Tes-İş Magazine, June 2005, p.65-70


Karabulut, Ö.(2005); ‘‘Children Working in Economical Jobs’’, Tes-İş Magazine, June 2005, p.65-70.

Number of Works Cited: 13

Scope:

The subject of child labor in Turkey has been discussed in figures using the data obtained from DIE’s Child Labour Surveys in 1994 and 1999. Working conditions of working children are discussed also in consideration of national regulations and ILO conventions. The results section gathers the discussed topics and makes some proposals.

An Excerpt from the Article:

Reasons underlying the working of children, their problems and solution are multi-dimensional, and it is not possible to abstract them from the basic problems of Turkey and from policies aimed at solving these problems. More and more children are entering the working life every passing day as a result of the socio-economic policies in force, and the number of children living and working on the streets increases in big cities, Istanbul being the foremost. (p.68)

Some Keywords:

ILO, children working on the streets, children living on the streets, national regulation, international regulation

 

Güngör, M.(2003); ‘‘Poverty and Children Working on Streets’’, Poverty, Deniz Feneri Publications, Volume:3, Istanbul


Güngör, M.(2003); ‘‘Poverty and Children Working on Streets’’, Poverty, Deniz Feneri Publications, Volume:3, Istanbul.

Number of Works Cited: 5

Scope:

Efforts are made to determine the effects created by poverty on children working in the streets in the city of Mersin. Poverty has been taken as a de facto situation rather than being addressed as an economic indicator and the aim has been to measure its effect on the child. In the light of concepts like migration, social state, children working on streets, street child, and socialization, a survey and observation has been made on 70 children working on the streets in Mersin.

An Excerpt from the Article:

It is the youngest individuals of the society and the family who are affected most from poverty, and whose living, developing and growing rights are risked. In today’s world, four out of 10 of children born in developing nations come to the world in extreme poverty. This poverty determines the child’s existence in all aspects. (p.291)

Some Keywords:

diet, migration, sanitation, children working on the streets, children living on the streets, social state, socialisation